What is the difference between a service dog, a therapy dog, and a companion dog?

Service Dog:

  • Trained to meet the needs of a specific person.

  • Federal Law permits dog to accompany handler in public places.


Therapy Dog:

  • Provide contact with many people.

  • Not defined by federal law but limited access with permission.

  • Personal pets trained by handlers to provide services to others.

Companion Dog:

  • Not legally defined.

  • No access to public places.

  • Another term for pet.

What is the certification process to become a Certified Therapy Dog Team?

A Furry Friends Recovery Certified Therapy Dog Team consists of one person and one dog.  Handlers must be at least 18 years old.  It is strongly recommended that you take a minimum of 6 months to bond with any dog and become familiar its personality and confidence in different settings before beginning the process of becoming a certified therapy dog team. Wolf or Coyote hybrids cannot be certified as our insurance does not cover them.

Each handler may only bring one dog per visit even if you are certified with multiple dogs. Anyone who will be handling the dog on visits must be certified with that dog.  An additional handler for a therapy dog must complete the entire certification process, including the required number of supervised visits.

What does the training checklist consists of?

  • Complete Volunteer Application

  • Sign FFR Regulations Form

  • Attend Training Class

  • Dog Must Complete Temperament Evaluation

  • Provide Vet Records

  • Provide Proof of CGC

  • Observation Visit (Group or Individual)

  • Supervised Visit (Individual)

  • Supervised Visit (Group)

Does my dog have the temperament to be a therapy dog? 

The following was written by Patricia B. McConnell, author of  The Other End of the Leash.  See below for a link to the full article. 

"Here’s a summary of the characteristics of a good therapy dog prospect, in hopes it will be helpful for those who are interested in doing this wonderful work:

Affiliative: This seems like a no-brainer, but the fact is that many dogs are presented for therapy work who really don’t like strangers all that much. They love their owners and good friends, but aren’t all that interested in other people. Good therapy dogs need to be the kind of dogs who ADORE people, all people, and want nothing more than to connect with them. It is, after all, the emotional connection that is often the therapeutic part of AAA and AAT.  It seems to me that dogs sort into 4 categories: 1) adore people, care little for other dogs, 2) adore dogs, care little for unfamiliar people, 3) adore members of both species and are thrilled to meet new ones and 4) adore neither dogs or people, except maybe their owner. Needless to say, only categories 1 and 3 are good therapy prospects.

Physically Calm: Many of the dogs who think all people hung the moon regrettably don’t fit into this category. Leaping, licking, pawing and body slamming just don’t work in senior centers and hospitals. This is why so many dogs don’t qualify when they are young, but could be great prospects when they are older. I wrote a chapter with Aubrey Fine for his great book The Handbook of Animal Assisted Therapy, and we had a long discussion about how many dogs would be GREAT for therapy work when they are six. Or eight. Or ten, but their owners get them evaluated at the age of two, the dogs are not “passed” and their owners never try again.

Psychologically Sound and Non-reactive: It doesn’t matter how much training or conditioning you do, therapy dogs need a certain level of rock solid soundness to be good prospects. Of course, the context does matter: some dogs are great in senior centers but are uncomfortable around children and would be disasters in a children’s hospital. It’s important to remember that AAA and AAT include a vast range of experiences, so every dog must be evaluated based on what they are going to be doing.  But it’s still essential to keep in mind that although your job is in part to protect your dog, once you are inside a facility you will have limited control over what happens. And what can happen (someone grabbing your dog, weird noisy medical equipment coming on, a medical crisis that results in tremendous chaos) is sometimes enough to terrify a sensitive dog.

Included in this category, although albeit somewhat different conceptually, is the state of being “emotionally mature” or able to handle frustration and deal with the world with a calm, measured demeanor. Again, just as in people, sometimes this takes several years to master.

Ridiculously clean and healthy: Unless you work in health care facilities it is easy to forget how differently sanitation needs to be handled in facilities and hospitals than it does in your own home. Pet Pals here in Madison, which organizes visits to the Children’s Hospital through the UW Vet School, requires that all dogs in the program go through extensive veterinary evaluations twice a year. This includes an entire day of testing for a vast range of diseases, from salmonella to MRSA. In this case the dogs are visiting children who are often immune compromised, and so their requirements are more stringent than some, but any facility, from a senior center to a hospital, is a very, very different place than your home. Germs love the kind of places that therapy dogs go to visit, and they can move around like wild-fire within very vulnerable populations.

Aware of their Job? This is gravy, pure gravy, but the fact is that some dogs do more than happily sit with strangers or participate in structured therapy treatment plans, as beneficial as that can be to some people. These dogs seem to sense why they are there, and seek out people who are especially needy, and make an emotional connection with them that changes their life. These connections happen, and hearing about them is enough to make you all gooey-eyed. Special stuff indeed."

How do I Qualify for an Emotional Support Animal?

If you have an emotional disability, you can legally qualify for an ESA, short for emotional support animal. You must be certified as emotionally disabled by a psychologist, therapist, psychiatrist or other duly-licensed and/or certified mental health professional. This certification should be a formal and appropriately formatted letter. Any other kind of doctor – a cardiologist, for instance – does not quality as a mental health professional because unlike a psychiatrist, other medical doctors are not specialists in mental health. Some property managers of apartments and airlines, however, accept verification forms filled out by a family physician. Ensure that you have the correct authority that writes the letter for you.

The emotional support animal letter must be written on the mental health professional’s letterhead, include his or her license type, date of license, license number, and the state which issued the license. Moreover, it should have the date when it was written.

Your letter must contain some details which will inform the recipient that you are:

  • A current patient of the signing mental health professional.

  • Under this mental health professional care and treatment of your disability which is described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders Version IV or V.

  • Substantially limited in performing in at least one of life’s major activities because of your disability.

  • Being prescribed an ESA as an integral part for the treatment of your current condition.

  • The ESA letter must be dated no later than a year from the date of your departure.

Who designed our website on SquareSpace?

Mary Rowden! She is an amazing photographer too! :)